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Michigan Agriculture Facts

Did You Know?

Boost your intelligence and impress your family, friends and colleagues with your knowledge of Michigan's often overlooked but truly impressive agriculture industry.

Download Printable Fact Sheet
Cropped ag fact sheet

Agricultural Diversity

  • Michigan produces more than 300 commodities, making us the state with the second most diverse agriculture industry in the nation just behind California.
  • Michigan has a diverse commodity mix that is made up of about 60 percent crops and 40 percent livestock.

Farms & Farmland

In 2014, the number of farms in Michigan totaled 51,600.
Michigan has nearly 10 million acres of farmland. 
The average size farm in Michigan was 193 acres in 2014.

Farm Structure

  • 95 percent of Michigan farms are single-family operated and/or family partnerships.
  • Of the few Michigan farms structured as corporations, 99 percent of those are family-owned and involve multiple generations and family members.
  • The average age of a Michigan farmer is 56 years old.


  • The food and agriculture industry contributes $101.2 billion annually to the state’s economy. 
  • Michigan is home to 2,166 licensed food processors generating nearly $25 billion in economic activity, making Michigan 19th in the nation for food processing.


  • Agriculture, food processors, and related businesses employ 923,000 Michiganders — 22 percent of the state’s workforce. 
  • 24,795 Michiganders operate farms as their primary occupation. An additional 52,719 work part-time on farms, while maintaining off-farm jobs.
  • Michigan is home to the nation's pioneer land-grant university, Michigan State University, where the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources offers many agriculture-related majors.

Specialty Sectors

  • Michigan ranks third in the nation for number of farmers markets.
  • The state is home to 129 wineries.
  • Michigan boasts more than 200 micro-breweries.


  • Michigan exports about one-third of its agricultural commodities each year, generating nearly $2.8 billion.
  • Almost 40 percent of all Michigan’s agricultural exports go directly to Canada, our No. 1 export market.
  • Rounding out the top countries eager for Michigan-grown products are Mexico, Japan, China, and Thailand.

Tops in National Agricultural Production 

Our state ranks No. 1 nationally in the production of:

  • Dry Black and Cranberry Beans
  • Begonias
  • Blueberries
  • Tart Cherries
  • Pickling Cucumbers
  • Easter Lilies
  • Geraniums
  • Low Fat Ice Cream Mix
  • Impatiens
  • Petunias
  • Squash

Major Commodity Sectors (based on cash receipts)

  • Milk
  • Floriculture
  • Corn
  • Soybeans
  • Vegetables
  • Fruit
  • Cattle
  • Hogs
  • Poultry
  • Sugar beets 

County Ag Facts

Take a look at the agriculture statistics from your county! See what kind of impact agriculture has locally.

Check out the Statistics
Map of michigan showing popular items produced in each county

Michigan Ag Council

Get accurate agriculture facts and meet Michigan farmers from around the state at Michigan GROWN, Michigan GREAT! 

Learn More about Michigan Grown
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Sources & Additional Resources